Regulation for Engineering Education in Pakistan:
(Amended/Updated upto August 24, 2013 vide SRO No. 735(I)/2013)
POLICY FOR ADMISSION IN ENGINEERING PROGRAM
These regulations shall be known as Pakistan Engineering Council Regulations for Engineering Education in Pakistan.
MINIMUM QUALIFICATION FOR ADMISSION TO ENGINEERING BACHELOR’S DEGREE PROGRAMMES OFFERED BY ENGINEERING INSTITUTIONS AND UNIVERSITIES
A candidate seeking admission in an Engineering Institution/University for working towards Bachelor’s Degree in any recognized branch of Engineering must
fulfill the following minimum requirements:-
(a) (i) He or she has passed the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSC/HSSC) Pre-Engineering Examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics,
securing at least 60% marks in aggregate of a University, a Board of Intermediate or Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education in Pakistan. In
addition, a combination of Physics, Mathematics and Computer Studies/Computer Science may be allowed for admissions in all Computer related Engineering
Programmes, Electronics, Telecommunications and Avionics Engineering Programmes:
Provided that any candidate who has been admitted in an Engineering Institution or University for working towards Bachelor’s degree in any recognized
branch of engineering before the 6th June, 2003, and does not fulfill the above specified minimum requirements for such admission, shall be
considered for registration by the Pakistan Engineering Council:
Provided that any institution or college or university may provisionally admit a student with less than 60% marks but not below 50% marks in aggregate.
However, in such case the institution or college or university shall arrange for the student a zero semester of three to six months duration or arrange a
qualifier examination in pre-engineering core subjects in which the provisionally admitted student shall be required to secure at least 60% marks in
aggregate to confirm his permanent admission.
(ii) He or she has passed any other examination of a Foreign University/Institution/ Examination Body, with both standard as well as scope wise is
equivalent to the Higher Secondary School Certificate (Pre-Engineering) of a University or a Board of Intermediate/Intermediate and Secondary Education in
Pakistan. Equivalence of the Examination passed by the candidate shall be determined by the concerned University.
(b) He or she has passed an entrance test conducted by the respective Institution or University.
(c) A candidate who has passed Diploma of Associate Engineer Examination, securing at least 60% aggregate marks, shall be eligible for admission against
reserved seats in the relevant discipline of Engineering in which he or she has passed the Diploma examination; and
(d) A candidate seeking admission should possess adequate mental and physical health to be able to obtain engineering education as prescribed and necessary
steps should be taken by University/ Institution to ensure this provision on admission of students.
MINIMUM STANDARD OF COURSE OF STUDY AND PRACTICAL TRAINING FOR AWARD OF BACHELOR’S DEGREE IN VARIOUS PROGRAMMES OF ENGINEERING
(a) Percentage wise break up of Courses of studies in various branches of Engineering shall be:
(i) Engineering Subjects 65% (minimum)
(ii) Other Subjects 35% (maximum)
(b) The curricula of courses approved by the Higher Education Commission shall be the minimum guidelines, and the universities shall have the flexibility
to adopt minor changes owing to the market needs.
(c) After accreditation of any programme, the subsequent scrutiny shall be carried out at regular intervals, the intervening period between the two
intervals not exceeding three years; and
(d) Any student seeking transfer of credits from one institution or college or university to another institution or college or university must possess
credits of the relevant accredited programme and necessary steps must be taken by the accepting institution or college or university to ensure compliance
of this provision failing which its accreditation of that programme by the Pakistan Engineering Council shall be liable to be withdrawn.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTENT AND DURATION OF STUDY
(a) Engineering Institutions and Universities shall follow Annual/Semester System of conducting Bachelor’s Degree programme in any accredited programme of
engineering, however semester system will be preferable.
(b) Minimum period for a student to work towards Bachelors Degree in any accredited programme of engineering shall be four academic years for the annual
system, or a minimum of 128 semester credits normally spread over 8 semesters or 12 quarters with minimum period of 3 years and 9 months for the semester
or quarter system, excluding any period of repetition of courses and examinations; and”;
(c) Engineering Institutions/Universities shall frame their schedule of studies, examination programmes and vacations, in advance. The examination
schedules shall be notified to Pakistan Engineering Council at least six weeks in advance, for inspection of examinations.
MINIMUM STANDARDS OF EXAMINATION FOR SECURING ACCREDITATION OF ENGINEERING QUALIFICATIONS
(a) For a candidate to be eligible to appear in each final examination, he must have attended at least 75 per cent of lectures delivered in theory and
(b) Maximum period to be allowed to a candidate to earn Bachelor’s Degree in any accredited programme of engineering shall be 7 academic years:
Provided that any candidate who has earned Bachelor’s Degree in any accredited Programme of Engineering in a period of more than seven academic years
before the 6th June, 2003, shall be considered for registration by the Pakistan Engineering Council.
(c) In Annual System not more than one Supplementary/Repeat Examination shall be allowed per academic year. Such Supplementary/ Repeat Examination shall be
completed within 10 weeks of the announcement of the result of annual examinations for which supplementary examination is being held.
(d) A maximum of 50 percent choice shall be allowed in question papers under Annual System: Provided that the institution or college or university
following annual system shall gradually reduce the choice in question papers and abolish it within next three years time period that is by the year 2011.
(e) Each final Examination of Theory Papers shall carry a minimum 80% of total marks assigned to a course in Annual System and 50% in Semester System.
Similarly each final examination of practical work shall carry minimum of 60% marks for viva voce.
(f) In annual system, a failed student of 3rd year engineering examination may be provisionally promoted to 4th year but shall not be
allowed to take Final B.Sc. Engineering examination, unless he has passed all the subjects of previous year examinations. In semester system a student
shall become eligible for the award of Bachelor’s Engineering degree, only on passing a minimum of one hundred and twenty eight of credits having three
thousand and two hundred lecture hours, prescribed in the curriculum by the concerned university in the relevant discipline; and
(g) Results of Final Examination shall be declared by Institutions/Universities not later than 8 weeks after the date of completion of these examinations
and four weeks in case of semester system.
GUIDELINES FOR ANNUAL AND TERM EXAMINATIONS.
1. Specimen question paper shall be prepared by internal examiner and sent to external examiner duly appointed by the Committee of Vice-Chancellors of the
Universities of Engineering and Technology for moderation.
2. The external examiner may change the question paper up to a maximum of fifty per cent.
3. The final paper set by the external examiner shall be distributed in the examination.
4. The script shall be examined by the external examiner who after marking shall send it to internal examiner. The internal examiner, if agrees with the
evaluation shall sign the award on the script and send it to the external examiner, he shall be entitled to make changes in the award list up to a maximum
of five per cent of total marks. However, according to his judgment, if the discrepancy is more than five per cent then he shall refer the case back to the
5. If both do not agree on the award list then a third examiner shall be appointed by the University whose evaluation shall be considered as final.
6. The Superintendent shall not be less than the rank of an Associate Professor of the same department or the University.
7. The Deputy Superintendent shall be atleast an Assistant Professor of the University preferably from the same department.
8. Invigilator shall be a University employee of not less than BPS-16.
MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENT FOR APPOINTMENT IN ENGINEERING UNIVERSITIES/COLLEGES/INSTITUTIONS
Minimum Qualifications and Experience
1st Class Bachelor’s degree in the relevant field of engineering provided that the applicant is enrolled in Master level engineering
programme. However after the year 2012, the applicant shall posses Master’s degree in the relevant field of engineering.
(i) Master’s degree in the relevant field of engineering, and;
02 years teaching or research experience in a recognized institution/college/university; or 2 years professional experience in the relevant
field of engineering in a national or international organization.
(ii) Ph.D. degree in the relevant field of engineering.
(i) Ph.D. degree in the relevant field of engineering recognized by HEC in consultation with PEC.
(ii) 7 years teaching or research experience in an institution/college/university recognized by HEC; or 7 years professional experience in
the relevant field of engineering in a national or international organization out of which 2 years must be teaching experience. However,
after the year 2010, the candidate shall have 10 years teaching experience with at least 4 years experience at the Post-Ph.D level in a
university recognized by HEC or Post-graduate institution or professional experience in the relevant field of engineering in a national or
(iii) 5 research publications to be systematically increased to 10 research publications. However, after the year 2012 at least 4 research
publications shall be published in the last 5 years, in journals of international repute, recognized by HEC in consultation with PEC.
(i) Ph.D. degree in the relevant field of engineering recognized by HEC in consultation with the PEC.
(ii) 12 years teaching or research experience in an institution/college/university recognized by HEC; or 12 years professional experience
in the relevant field of engineering in a national or international organization out of which 5 years must be teaching experience. However,
after the year 2012, the candidate shall have 15 years teaching or research experience with at least 8 years experience at the Post-Ph.D.
level in a university recognized by HEC or Post-graduate institution or an international organization; or 10 years Post-Ph.D. teaching or
research experience in a university recognized by HEC or Post-graduate institution or professional experience in the relevant field of
engineering in a national or international organization.
(iii) 8 research publications to be systematically increased to 15 research publications. However, after the year 2012 at least 5 research
publications shall be published in the last 5 years in journals of international repute, recognized by HEC in consultation with PEC.
||(i) Same requirements as given above for the post of
(ii) must have worked as Professor for at least 4 years.
MANNER OF SYSTEMATIC INCREASE IN THE PERCENTAGE OF ASSISTANT PROFESSORS POSSESSING Ph.D DEGREE EMPLOYED IN THE FACULTY.
There shall be a systematic increase in the percentage of Assistant Professors possessing Ph.D degree employed in the faculty of an institution or college
or university such that after the year 2010, 30% should be Ph.D degree holders; after the year 2012, 60% should be Ph.D degree holders; and by the end of
the year 2015, 100% should be Ph.D degree holders.